»Source Variables

It is possible to access the name and type of your source from provisioners and post-processors:

source "null" "first-example" {
  communicator = "none"
}

build {
  name = "roles"

  source "null.first-example" {
    name = "consul"
  }
  source "null.first-example" {
    name = "nomad"
  }
  source "null.first-example" {
    name = "vault"
  }
  sources = ["null.first-example"]

  provisioner "shell-local" {
    inline = ["echo ${source.name} and ${source.type}"]
  }
}

# This will echo something like:
#
# roles.null.consul: consul and null
# roles.null.nomad: nomad and null
# roles.null.vault: vault and null
# roles.null.first-example: first-example and null
source "null" "first-example" {  communicator = "none"}
build {  name = "roles"
  source "null.first-example" {    name = "consul"  }  source "null.first-example" {    name = "nomad"  }  source "null.first-example" {    name = "vault"  }  sources = ["null.first-example"]
  provisioner "shell-local" {    inline = ["echo ${source.name} and ${source.type}"]  }}
# This will echo something like:## roles.null.consul: consul and null# roles.null.nomad: nomad and null# roles.null.vault: vault and null# roles.null.first-example: first-example and null

»Build Variables

Build variables will allow you to access connection information and basic instance state information for a builder. All special build variables are stored in the build variable:

source "null" "first-example" {
  communicator = "none"
}

build {
  name = "my-build-name"
  sources = ["null.first-example"]

  provisioner "shell-local" {
    environment_vars = ["TESTVAR=${build.PackerRunUUID}"]
    inline = ["echo source.name is ${source.name}.",
              "echo build.name is ${build.name}.",
              "echo build.PackerRunUUID is $TESTVAR"]
  }
}
source "null" "first-example" {  communicator = "none"}
build {  name = "my-build-name"  sources = ["null.first-example"]
  provisioner "shell-local" {    environment_vars = ["TESTVAR=${build.PackerRunUUID}"]    inline = ["echo source.name is ${source.name}.",              "echo build.name is ${build.name}.",              "echo build.PackerRunUUID is $TESTVAR"]  }}

Here is the list of available build variables:

  • name Represents the name of the build block being run. This is different than the name of the source block being run.

  • ID: Represents the vm being provisioned. For example, in Amazon it is the instance id; in digitalocean, it is the droplet id; in Vmware, it is the vm name.

  • Host, Port, User and Password: The host, port, user, and password that Packer uses to access the machine. Useful for using the shell local provisioner to run Ansible or Inspec against the provisioned instance.

  • ConnType: Type of communicator being used. For example, for SSH communicator this will be "ssh".

  • PackerRunUUID: Current build's unique id. Can be used to specify build artifacts. An example of that, is when multiple builds runs at the same time producing the same artifact. It's possible to differentiate these artifacts by naming them with the builds' unique ids.

  • PackerHTTPIP, PackerHTTPPort, and PackerHTTPAddr: HTTP IP, port, and address of the file server Packer creates to serve items in the "http" dir to the vm. The HTTP address is displayed in the format IP:PORT.

  • SSHPublicKey and SSHPrivateKey: The public and private key that Packer uses to connect to the instance. These are unique to the SSH communicator and are unset when using other communicators. SSHPublicKey and SSHPrivateKey can have escape sequences and special characters so their output should be single quoted to avoid surprises. For example:

      provisioner "shell" {
          inline = ["echo '${build.SSHPrivateKey}' > /tmp/packer-session.pem"]
      }
    
      provisioner "shell" {      inline = ["echo '${build.SSHPrivateKey}' > /tmp/packer-session.pem"]  }

For backwards compatibility, WinRMPassword is also available through this engine, though it is no different than using the more general Password.

All build variables are valid to use with any of the HCL2 functions. Example of using upper to upper case the build ID:

  post-processor "shell-local" {
      inline = ["echo ${upper(build.ID)}"]
  }
  post-processor "shell-local" {      inline = ["echo ${upper(build.ID)}"]  }

For builder-specific builder variables, please also refer to the builder docs:

The HCL2 Special Build Variables is in beta; please report any issues or requests on the Packer issue tracker on GitHub.

»Packer Version

This variable is set to the Packer version currently running.

source "null" "first-example" {
  communicator = "none"
}

build {
  sources = ["null.first-example"]

  provisioner "shell-local" {
    inline = ["echo packer_version is '${packer.version}'"]
  }
}
source "null" "first-example" {  communicator = "none"}
build {  sources = ["null.first-example"]
  provisioner "shell-local" {    inline = ["echo packer_version is '${packer.version}'"]  }}

If you are running a development version of Packer, the version variable will contain the released version number, dev flag, and current commit.

PACKER_LOG=0 packer build packer_version_demo.pkr.hcl
null.first-example: output will be in this color.

==> null.first-example: Running local shell script: /var/folders/8t/0yb5q0_x6mb2jldqq_vjn3lr0000gn/T/packer-shell083160352
    null.first-example: packer_version is 1.6.5-dev (a69392129+CHANGES)
PACKER_LOG=0 packer build packer_version_demo.pkr.hclnull.first-example: output will be in this color.
==> null.first-example: Running local shell script: /var/folders/8t/0yb5q0_x6mb2jldqq_vjn3lr0000gn/T/packer-shell083160352    null.first-example: packer_version is 1.6.5-dev (a69392129+CHANGES)

If you are running a released version of Packer, the version variable will contain the released version number only:

PACKER_LOG=0 packer build packer_version_demo.pkr.hcl
null.first-example: output will be in this color.

==> null.first-example: Running local shell script: /var/folders/8t/0yb5q0_x6mb2jldqq_vjn3lr0000gn/T/packer-shell718995312
    null.first-example: packer_version is 1.6.5
PACKER_LOG=0 packer build packer_version_demo.pkr.hclnull.first-example: output will be in this color.
==> null.first-example: Running local shell script: /var/folders/8t/0yb5q0_x6mb2jldqq_vjn3lr0000gn/T/packer-shell718995312    null.first-example: packer_version is 1.6.5

Make sure to wrap your variable in single quotes in order to escape the string that is returned; if you are running a dev version of packer the parenthesis may through off your shell escaping otherwise.