Ansible Local Provisioner

Type: ansible-local

The ansible-local Packer provisioner configures Ansible to run on the machine by Packer from local Playbook and Role files. Playbooks and Roles can be uploaded from your local machine to the remote machine. Ansible is run in local mode via the ansible-playbook command.

Basic Example

The example below is fully functional.

{
  "type": "ansible-local",
  "playbook_file": "local.yml"
}

Configuration Reference

The reference of available configuration options is listed below.

Required:

  • playbook_file (string) - The playbook file to be executed by ansible. This file must exist on your local system and will be uploaded to the remote machine.

Optional:

  • command (string) - The command to invoke ansible. Defaults to "ansible-playbook".

  • extra_arguments (array of strings) - An array of extra arguments to pass to the ansible command. By default, this is empty. Usage example:

"extra_arguments": [ "--extra-vars \"Region={{user `Region`}} Stage={{user `Stage`}}\"" ]
  • inventory_groups (string) - A comma-separated list of groups to which packer will assign the host 127.0.0.1. A value of my_group_1,my_group_2 will generate an Ansible inventory like:
[my_group_1]
127.0.0.1
[my_group_2]
127.0.0.1
  • inventory_file (string) - The inventory file to be used by ansible. This file must exist on your local system and will be uploaded to the remote machine.

When using an inventory file, it's also required to --limit the hosts to the specified host you're buiding. The --limit argument can be provided in the extra_arguments option.

An example inventory file may look like:

[chi-dbservers]
db-01 ansible_connection=local
db-02 ansible_connection=local

[chi-appservers]
app-01 ansible_connection=local
app-02 ansible_connection=local

[chi:children]
chi-dbservers
chi-appservers

[dbservers:children]
chi-dbservers

[appservers:children]
chi-appservers
  • playbook_dir (string) - a path to the complete ansible directory structure on your local system to be copied to the remote machine as the staging_directory before all other files and directories.

  • playbook_paths (array of strings) - An array of paths to playbook files on your local system. These will be uploaded to the remote machine under staging_directory/playbooks. By default, this is empty.

  • group_vars (string) - a path to the directory containing ansible group variables on your local system to be copied to the remote machine. By default, this is empty.

  • host_vars (string) - a path to the directory containing ansible host variables on your local system to be copied to the remote machine. By default, this is empty.

  • role_paths (array of strings) - An array of paths to role directories on your local system. These will be uploaded to the remote machine under staging_directory/roles. By default, this is empty.

  • staging_directory (string) - The directory where all the configuration of Ansible by Packer will be placed. By default this is "/tmp/packer-provisioner-ansible-local". This directory doesn't need to exist but must have proper permissions so that the SSH user that Packer uses is able to create directories and write into this folder. If the permissions are not correct, use a shell provisioner prior to this to configure it properly.