» Vagrant Cloud Post-Processor

Type: vagrant-cloud

Vagrant Cloud hosts and serves boxes to Vagrant, allowing you to version and distribute boxes to an organization in a simple way.

The Vagrant Cloud post-processor enables the upload of Vagrant boxes to Vagrant Cloud. Currently, the Vagrant Cloud post-processor will accept and upload boxes supplied to it from the Vagrant or Artifice post-processors and the Vagrant builder.

You'll need to be familiar with Vagrant Cloud, have an upgraded account to enable box hosting, and be distributing your box via the shorthand name configuration.

» Workflow

It's important to understand the workflow that using this post-processor enforces in order to take full advantage of Vagrant and Vagrant Cloud.

The use of this processor assume that you currently distribute, or plan to distribute, boxes via Vagrant Cloud. It also assumes you create Vagrant Boxes and deliver them to your team in some fashion.

Here is an example workflow:

  1. You use Packer to build a Vagrant Box for the virtualbox provider
  2. The vagrant-cloud post-processor is configured to point to the box hashicorp/foobar on Vagrant Cloud via the box_tag configuration
  3. The post-processor receives the box from the vagrant post-processor
  4. It then creates the configured version, or verifies the existence of it, on Vagrant Cloud
  5. A provider matching the name of the Vagrant provider is then created
  6. The box is uploaded to Vagrant Cloud
  7. The upload is verified
  8. The version is released and available to users of the box

» Configuration

The configuration allows you to specify the target box that you have access to on Vagrant Cloud, as well as authentication and version information.

» Required:

  • box_tag (string) - The shorthand tag for your box that maps to Vagrant Cloud, for example hashicorp/precise64, which is short for vagrantcloud.com/hashicorp/precise64.

  • version (string) - The version number, typically incrementing a previous version. The version string is validated based on Semantic Versioning. The string must match a pattern that could be semver, and doesn't validate that the version comes after your previous versions.

  • access_token (string) - Your access token for the Vagrant Cloud API. This can be generated on your tokens page. If not specified, the environment will be searched. First, VAGRANT_CLOUD_TOKEN is checked, and if nothing is found, finally ATLAS_TOKEN will be used. This is required unless you are using a private hosting solution (i.e. vagrant_cloud_url has been populated).

    or

  • vagrant_cloud_url (string) - Override the base URL for Vagrant Cloud. This is useful if you're using Vagrant Private Cloud in your own network. Defaults to https://vagrantcloud.com/api/v1. If this value is set to something other than the default then access_token can be left blank and no Authorization header will be added to requests sent by this post-processor.

» Optional:

  • no_release (string) - If set to true, does not release the version on Vagrant Cloud, making it active. You can manually release the version via the API or Web UI. Defaults to false.

  • insecure_skip_tls_verify (boolean) - If set to true and vagrant_cloud_url is set to something different than its default, it will set TLS InsecureSkipVerify to true. In other words, this will disable security checks of SSL. You may need to set this option to true if your host at vagrant_cloud_url is using a self-signed certificate.

  • keep_input_artifact (boolean) - When true, preserve the local box after uploading to Vagrant cloud. Defaults to true.

  • version_description (string) - Optionally markdown text used as a full-length and in-depth description of the version, typically for denoting changes introduced

  • box_download_url (string) - Optional URL for a self-hosted box. If this is set the box will not be uploaded to the Vagrant Cloud.

» Use with the Vagrant Post-Processor

An example configuration is shown below. Note the use of the nested array that wraps both the Vagrant and Vagrant Cloud post-processors within the post-processor section. Chaining the post-processors together in this way tells Packer that the artifact produced by the Vagrant post-processor should be passed directly to the Vagrant Cloud Post-Processor. It also sets the order in which the post-processors should run.

Failure to chain the post-processors together in this way will result in the wrong artifact being supplied to the Vagrant Cloud post-processor. This will likely cause the Vagrant Cloud post-processor to error and fail.

{
  "variables": {
    "cloud_token": "{{ env `VAGRANT_CLOUD_TOKEN` }}",
    "version": "1.0.{{timestamp}}"
  },
  "post-processors": [
    {
      "type": "shell-local",
      "inline": ["echo Doing stuff..."]
    },
    [
      {
        "type": "vagrant",
        "include": ["image.iso"],
        "vagrantfile_template": "vagrantfile.tpl",
        "output": "proxycore_{{.Provider}}.box"
      },
      {
        "type": "vagrant-cloud",
        "box_tag": "hashicorp/precise64",
        "access_token": "{{user `cloud_token`}}",
        "version": "{{user `version`}}"
      }
    ]
  ]
}

» Use with the Artifice Post-Processor

An example configuration is shown below. Note the use of the nested array that wraps both the Artifice and Vagrant Cloud post-processors within the post-processor section. Chaining the post-processors together in this way tells Packer that the artifact produced by the Artifice post-processor should be passed directly to the Vagrant Cloud Post-Processor. It also sets the order in which the post-processors should run.

Failure to chain the post-processors together in this way will result in the wrong artifact being supplied to the Vagrant Cloud post-processor. This will likely cause the Vagrant Cloud post-processor to error and fail.

Note that the Vagrant box specified in the Artifice post-processor files array must end in the .box extension. It must also be the first file in the array. Additional files bundled by the Artifice post-processor will be ignored.

{
  "variables": {
    "cloud_token": "{{ env `VAGRANT_CLOUD_TOKEN` }}",
  },

  "builders": [
    {
      "type": "null",
      "communicator": "none"
    }
  ],

  "post-processors": [
    {
      "type": "shell-local",
      "inline": ["echo Doing stuff..."]
    },
    [
      {
        "type": "artifice",
        "files": [
          "./path/to/my.box"
        ]
      },
      {
        "type": "vagrant-cloud",
        "box_tag": "myorganisation/mybox",
        "access_token": "{{user `cloud_token`}}",
        "version": "0.1.0",
      }
    ]
  ]
}