There are a few configuration settings that affect Packer globally by configuring the core of Packer. These settings all have reasonable defaults, so you generally don't have to worry about it until you want to tweak a configuration. If you're just getting started with Packer, don't worry about core configuration for now.
The default location where Packer looks for this file depends on the platform.
For all non-Windows platforms, Packer looks for
Windows, Packer looks for
%APPDATA%/packer.config. If the file doesn't exist,
then Packer ignores it and just uses the default configuration.
The location of the core configuration file can be modified by setting the
PACKER_CONFIG environmental variable to be the path to another file.
The format of the configuration file is basic JSON.
Below is the list of all available configuration parameters for the core configuration file. None of these are required, since all have sane defaults.
plugin_max_port(number) - These are the minimum and maximum ports that Packer uses for communication with plugins, since plugin communication happens over TCP connections on your local host. By default these are 10,000 and 25,000, respectively. Be sure to set a fairly wide range here, since Packer can easily use over 25 ports on a single run.
provisionersare objects that are used to install plugins. The details of how exactly these are set is covered in more detail in the installing plugins documentation page.