»UCloud Image Builder

Type: ucloud-uhost

The ucloud-uhost Packer builder plugin provides the capability to build customized images based on an existing base images.

This builder builds an UCloud image by launching an UHost instance from a source image, provisioning that running machine, and then creating an image from that machine.

»Configuration Reference

The following configuration options are available for building UCloud images. They are segmented below into two categories: required and optional parameters.

In addition to the options listed here, a communicator can be configured for this builder.

»Required:

  • public_key - (string) This is the UCloud public key. It must be provided, but it can also be sourced from the UCLOUD_PUBLIC_KEY environment variable.

  • private_key - (string) This is the UCloud private key. It must be provided, but it can also be sourced from the UCLOUD_PRIVATE_KEY environment variable.

  • project_id - (string) This is the UCloud project id. It must be provided, but it can also be sourced from the UCLOUD_PROJECT_ID environment variables.

  • region - (string) This is the UCloud region. It must be provided, but it can also be sourced from the UCLOUD_REGION environment variables.

  • availability_zone - (string) This is the UCloud availability zone where UHost instance is located. such as: cn-bj2-02. You may refer to list of availability_zone

  • instance_type - (string) The type of UHost instance. You may refer to list of instance type

  • image_name - (string) The name of the user-defined image, which contains 1-63 characters and only support Chinese, English, numbers, '-_,.:[]'.

  • source_image_id (string) - This is the ID of base image which you want to create your customized images with.

»Optional:

  • base_url - (string) This is the base url. (Default: https://api.ucloud.cn).

  • use_ssh_private_ip - (boolean) - If this value is true, packer will connect to the created UHost instance via a private ip instead of allocating an EIP (elastic public ip).(Default: false).

  • vpc_id - (string) The ID of VPC linked to the UHost instance. If not defined vpc_id, the instance will use the default VPC in the current region.

  • subnet_id - (string) The ID of subnet under the VPC. If vpc_id is defined, the subnet_id is mandatory required. If vpc_id and subnet_id are not defined, the instance will use the default subnet in the current region.

  • security_group_id - (string) The ID of the fire wall associated to UHost instance. If security_group_id is not defined, the instance will use the non-recommended web fire wall, and open port include 22, 3389 by default. It is supported by ICMP fire wall protocols. You may refer to security group_id.

  • image_description (string) - The description of the image.

  • instance_name (string) - The name of instance, which contains 1-63 characters and only support Chinese, English, numbers, '-', '_', '.'.

  • boot_disk_type - (string) The type of boot disk associated to UHost instance. Possible values are: cloud_ssd for cloud boot disk, local_normal and local_ssd for local boot disk. (Default: cloud_ssd). The cloud_ssd and local_ssd are not fully supported by all regions as boot disk type, please proceed to UCloud console for more details.

  • image_copy_to_mappings (array of copied image mappings) - The array of mappings regarding the copied images to the destination regions and projects.

    • project_id (string) - The destination project id, where copying image in.

    • region (string) - The destination region, where copying image in.

    • name (string) - The copied image name. If not defined, builder will use image_name as default name.

    • description (number) - The copied image description.

  • wait_image_ready_timeout (int)Timeout of creating image or copying image. The default timeout is 3600 seconds if this option is not set or is set to 0.

»Examples

Here is a basic example for build UCloud CentOS image:

{
  "variables": {
    "ucloud_public_key": "{{env `UCLOUD_PUBLIC_KEY`}}",
    "ucloud_private_key": "{{env `UCLOUD_PRIVATE_KEY`}}",
    "ucloud_project_id": "{{env `UCLOUD_PROJECT_ID`}}"
  },

  "builders": [
    {
      "type": "ucloud-uhost",
      "public_key": "{{user `ucloud_public_key`}}",
      "private_key": "{{user `ucloud_private_key`}}",
      "project_id": "{{user `ucloud_project_id`}}",
      "region": "cn-bj2",
      "availability_zone": "cn-bj2-02",
      "instance_type": "n-basic-2",
      "source_image_id": "uimage-f1chxn",
      "ssh_username": "root",
      "image_name": "packer_test_{{timestamp}}"
    }
  ]
}

Here is a example for build UCloud Ubuntu image:

{
  "variables": {
    "ucloud_public_key": "{{env `UCLOUD_PUBLIC_KEY`}}",
    "ucloud_private_key": "{{env `UCLOUD_PRIVATE_KEY`}}",
    "ucloud_project_id": "{{env `UCLOUD_PROJECT_ID`}}",
    "password": "ucloud_2019"
  },

  "builders": [
    {
      "type": "ucloud-uhost",
      "public_key": "{{user `ucloud_public_key`}}",
      "private_key": "{{user `ucloud_private_key`}}",
      "project_id": "{{user `ucloud_project_id`}}",
      "region": "cn-bj2",
      "availability_zone": "cn-bj2-02",
      "instance_type": "n-basic-2",
      "source_image_id": "uimage-irofn4",
      "ssh_password": "{{user `password`}}",
      "ssh_username": "ubuntu",
      "image_name": "packer-test-ubuntu-bj"
    }
  ],

  "provisioners": [
    {
      "type": "shell",
      "execute_command": "echo '{{user `password`}}' | sudo -S '{{.Path}}'",
      "inline": ["sleep 30", "sudo apt update", "sudo apt install nginx -y"]
    }
  ]
}