»UCloud Image Builder

Type: ucloud-uhost

The ucloud-uhost Packer builder plugin provides the capability to build customized images based on an existing base image for use in UHost Instance.

This builder builds an UCloud image by launching an UHost instance from a source image, provisioning that running machine, and then creating an image from that machine.

»Configuration Reference

The following configuration options are available for building UCloud images. They are segmented below into two categories: required and optional parameters.

In addition to the options listed here, a communicator can be configured for this builder.

»Required:

  • public_key (string) - This is the UCloud public key. It must be provided unless profile is set, but it can also be sourced from the UCLOUD_PUBLIC_KEY environment variable.

  • private_key (string) - This is the UCloud private key. It must be provided unless profile is set, but it can also be sourced from the UCLOUD_PRIVATE_KEY environment variable.

  • region (string) - This is the UCloud region. It must be provided, but it can also be sourced from the UCLOUD_REGION environment variables.

  • project_id (string) - This is the UCloud project id. It must be provided, but it can also be sourced from the UCLOUD_PROJECT_ID environment variables.

  • image_name (string) - The name of the user-defined image, which contains 1-63 characters and only support Chinese, English, numbers, '-_,.:[]'.

»Optional:

  • base_url (string) - This is the base url. (Default: https://api.ucloud.cn).

  • profile (string) - This is the UCloud profile name as set in the shared credentials file, it can also be sourced from the UCLOUD_PROFILE environment variables.

  • shared_credentials_file (string) - This is the path to the shared credentials file, it can also be sourced from the UCLOUD_SHARED_CREDENTIAL_FILE environment variables. If this is not set and a profile is specified, ~/.ucloud/credential.json will be used.

  • instance_name (string) - The name of instance, which contains 1-63 characters and only support Chinese, English, numbers, '-', '_', '.'.

  • boot_disk_type (string) - The type of boot disk associated to UHost instance. Possible values are: cloud_ssd and cloud_rssd for cloud boot disk, local_normal and local_ssd for local boot disk. (Default: cloud_ssd). The cloud_ssd and local_ssd are not fully supported by all regions as boot disk type, please proceed to UCloud console for more details.

  • vpc_id (string) - The ID of VPC linked to the UHost instance. If not defined vpc_id, the instance will use the default VPC in the current region.

  • subnet_id (string) - The ID of subnet under the VPC. If vpc_id is defined, the subnet_id is mandatory required. If vpc_id and subnet_id are not defined, the instance will use the default subnet in the current region.

  • security_group_id (string) - The ID of the fire wall associated to UHost instance. If security_group_id is not defined, the instance will use the non-recommended web fire wall, and open port include 22, 3389 by default. It is supported by ICMP fire wall protocols. You may refer to security group_id.

  • eip_bandwidth (int) - Maximum bandwidth to the elastic public network, measured in Mbps (Mega bit per second). (Default: 10).

  • eip_charge_mode (string) - Elastic IP charge mode. Possible values are: traffic as pay by traffic, bandwidth as pay by bandwidth, post_accurate_bandwidth as post pay mode. (Default: traffic). Note currently default traffic eip charge mode not not fully support by all availability_zone in the region, please proceed to UCloud console for more details. You may refer to eip introduction.

  • user_data (string) - User data to apply when launching the instance. Note that you need to be careful about escaping characters due to the templates being JSON. It is often more convenient to use user_data_file, instead. Packer will not automatically wait for a user script to finish before shutting down the instance this must be handled in a provisioner. You may refer to user_data_document

  • user_data_file (string) - Path to a file that will be used for the user data when launching the instance.

  • min_cpu_platform (string) - Specifies a minimum CPU platform for the the VM instance. (Default: Intel/Auto). You may refer to min_cpu_platform

    • The Intel CPU platform:
      • Intel/Auto as the Intel CPU platform version will be selected randomly by system;
      • Intel/IvyBridge as Intel V2, the version of Intel CPU platform selected by system will be Intel/IvyBridge and above;
      • Intel/Haswell as Intel V3, the version of Intel CPU platform selected by system will be Intel/Haswell and above;
      • Intel/Broadwell as Intel V4, the version of Intel CPU platform selected by system will be Intel/Broadwell and above;
      • Intel/Skylake as Intel V5, the version of Intel CPU platform selected by system will be Intel/Skylake and above;
      • Intel/Cascadelake as Intel V6, the version of Intel CPU platform selected by system will be Intel/Cascadelake;
    • The AMD CPU platform:
      • Amd/Auto as the Amd CPU platform version will be selected randomly by system;
      • Amd/Epyc2 as the version of Amd CPU platform selected by system will be Amd/Epyc2 and above;
  • use_ssh_private_ip (bool) - If this value is true, packer will connect to the created UHost instance via a private ip instead of allocating an EIP (elastic public ip).(Default: false).

  • image_description (string) - The description of the image.

  • image_copy_to_mappings ([]ImageDestination) - The array of mappings regarding the copied images to the destination regions and projects.

    • project_id (string) - The destination project id, where copying image in.

    • region (string) - The destination region, where copying image in.

    • name (string) - The copied image name. If not defined, builder will use image_name as default name.

    • description (string) - The copied image description.

    {
      "image_copy_to_mappings": [
        {
          "project_id": "{{user `ucloud_project_id`}}",
          "region": "cn-sh2",
          "description": "test",
          "name": "packer-test-basic-sh"
        }
      ]
    }
    
  • wait_image_ready_timeout (int) - Timeout of creating image or copying image. The default timeout is 3600 seconds if this option is not set or is set to 0.

»Examples

Here is a basic example for build UCloud CentOS image:

{
  "variables": {
    "ucloud_public_key": "{{env `UCLOUD_PUBLIC_KEY`}}",
    "ucloud_private_key": "{{env `UCLOUD_PRIVATE_KEY`}}",
    "ucloud_project_id": "{{env `UCLOUD_PROJECT_ID`}}"
  },

  "builders": [
    {
      "type": "ucloud-uhost",
      "public_key": "{{user `ucloud_public_key`}}",
      "private_key": "{{user `ucloud_private_key`}}",
      "project_id": "{{user `ucloud_project_id`}}",
      "region": "cn-bj2",
      "availability_zone": "cn-bj2-02",
      "instance_type": "n-basic-2",
      "source_image_id": "uimage-f1chxn",
      "ssh_username": "root",
      "image_name": "packer-test{{timestamp}}"
    }
  ]
}

Here is a example for build UCloud Ubuntu image:

{
  "variables": {
    "ucloud_public_key": "{{env `UCLOUD_PUBLIC_KEY`}}",
    "ucloud_private_key": "{{env `UCLOUD_PRIVATE_KEY`}}",
    "ucloud_project_id": "{{env `UCLOUD_PROJECT_ID`}}",
    "password": "ucloud_2020"
  },

  "builders": [
    {
      "type": "ucloud-uhost",
      "public_key": "{{user `ucloud_public_key`}}",
      "private_key": "{{user `ucloud_private_key`}}",
      "project_id": "{{user `ucloud_project_id`}}",
      "region": "cn-bj2",
      "availability_zone": "cn-bj2-02",
      "instance_type": "n-basic-2",
      "source_image_id": "uimage-irofn4",
      "ssh_password": "{{user `password`}}",
      "ssh_username": "ubuntu",
      "image_name": "packer-test-ubuntu{{timestamp}}"
    }
  ],

  "provisioners": [
    {
      "type": "shell",
      "execute_command": "echo '{{user `password`}}' | sudo -S '{{.Path}}'",
      "inline": ["sleep 30", "sudo apt update", "sudo apt install nginx -y"]
    }
  ]
}