»Tencentcloud Image Builder

Type: tencentcloud-cvm

The tencentcloud-cvm Packer builder plugin provide the capability to build customized images based on an existing base images.

»Configuration Reference

The following configuration options are available for building Tencentcloud images. In addition to the options listed here, a communicator can be configured for this builder.

»Required:

  • secret_id (string) - Tencentcloud secret id. You should set it directly, or set the TENCENTCLOUD_ACCESS_KEY environment variable.

  • secret_key (string) - Tencentcloud secret key. You should set it directly, or set the TENCENTCLOUD_SECRET_KEY environment variable.

  • region (string) - The region where your cvm will be launch. You should reference Region and Zone for parameter taking.

  • zone (string) - The zone where your cvm will be launch. You should reference Region and Zone for parameter taking.

  • instance_type (string) - The instance type your cvm will be launched by. You should reference Instace Type for parameter taking.

  • source_image_id (string) - The base image id of Image you want to create your customized image from.

  • image_name (string) - The name you want to create your customize image, it should be composed of no more than 60 characters, of letters, numbers or minus sign.

»Optional:

  • force_poweroff (boolean) - Indicates whether to perform a forced shutdown to create an image when soft shutdown fails. Default value is false.

  • image_description (string) - Image description. It should no more than 60 characters.

  • reboot (boolean, deprecated) - Whether shutdown cvm to create Image. Please refer to parameter force_poweroff.

  • sysprep (boolean) - Whether enable Sysprep during creating windows image.

  • image_copy_regions (array of strings) - Regions that will be copied to after your image created.

  • image_share_accounts (array of strings) - Accounts that will be shared to after your image created.

  • skip_region_validation (boolean) - Do not check region and zone when validate.

  • associate_public_ip_address (boolean) - Whether allocate public ip to your cvm. Default value is false.

    If not set, you could access your cvm from the same vpc.

  • internet_max_bandwidth_out (number) - Max bandwidth out your cvm will be launched by(in MB). values can be set between 1 ~ 100.

  • instance_name (string) - Instance name.

  • disk_type (string) - Root disk type your cvm will be launched by, default is CLOUD_PREMIUM. you could reference Disk Type for parameter taking.

  • disk_size (number) - Root disk size your cvm will be launched by. values range(in GB):

    • LOCAL_BASIC: 50
    • Other: 50 ~ 1000 (need whitelist if > 50)
  • data_disks (array of data disks) - Add one or more data disks to the instance before creating the image. Note that if the source image has data disk snapshots, this argument will be ignored, and the running instance will use source image data disk settings, in such case, disk_type argument will be used as disk type for all data disks, and each data disk size will use the origin value in source image. The data disks allow for the following argument:

    • disk_type - Type of the data disk. Valid choices: CLOUD_BASIC, CLOUD_PREMIUM and CLOUD_SSD.
    • disk_size - Size of the data disk.
    • disk_snapshot_id - Id of the snapshot for a data disk.
  • vpc_id (string) - Specify vpc your cvm will be launched by.

  • vpc_name (string) - Specify vpc name you will create. if vpc_id is not set, packer will create a vpc for you named this parameter.

  • cidr_block (boolean) - Specify cider block of the vpc you will create if vpc_id is not set.

  • subnet_id (string) - Specify subnet your cvm will be launched by.

  • subnet_name (string) - Specify subnet name you will create. if subnet_id is not set, packer will create a subnet for you named this parameter.

  • subnect_cidr_block (boolean) - Specify cider block of the subnet you will create if subnet_id is not set.

  • security_group_id (string) - Specify security group your cvm will be launched by.

  • security_group_name (string) - Specify security name you will create if security_group_id is not set.

  • user_data (string) - userdata.

  • user_data_file (string) - userdata file.

  • host_name (string) - host name.

  • run_tags (map of strings) - Tags to apply to the instance that is launched to create the image. These tags are not applied to the resulting image.

»Communicator Configuration

In addition to the above options, a communicator can be configured for this builder.

»Optional:

  • communicator (string) - Packer currently supports three kinds of communicators:

    • none - No communicator will be used. If this is set, most provisioners also can't be used.

    • ssh - An SSH connection will be established to the machine. This is usually the default.

    • winrm - A WinRM connection will be established.

    In addition to the above, some builders have custom communicators they can use. For example, the Docker builder has a "docker" communicator that uses docker exec and docker cp to execute scripts and copy files.

  • pause_before_connecting (duration string | ex: "1h5m2s") - We recommend that you enable SSH or WinRM as the very last step in your guest's bootstrap script, but sometimes you may have a race condition where you need Packer to wait before attempting to connect to your guest.

    If you end up in this situation, you can use the template option pause_before_connecting. By default, there is no pause. For example if you set pause_before_connecting to 10m Packer will check whether it can connect, as normal. But once a connection attempt is successful, it will disconnect and then wait 10 minutes before connecting to the guest and beginning provisioning.

  • ssh_host (string) - The address to SSH to. This usually is automatically configured by the builder.

  • ssh_port (int) - The port to connect to SSH. This defaults to 22.

  • ssh_username (string) - The username to connect to SSH with. Required if using SSH.

  • ssh_password (string) - A plaintext password to use to authenticate with SSH.

  • ssh_ciphers ([]string) - This overrides the value of ciphers supported by default by golang. The default value is [ "aes128-gcm@openssh.com", "chacha20-poly1305@openssh.com", "aes128-ctr", "aes192-ctr", "aes256-ctr", ]

    Valid options for ciphers include: "aes128-ctr", "aes192-ctr", "aes256-ctr", "aes128-gcm@openssh.com", "chacha20-poly1305@openssh.com", "arcfour256", "arcfour128", "arcfour", "aes128-cbc", "3des-cbc",

  • ssh_clear_authorized_keys (bool) - If true, Packer will attempt to remove its temporary key from ~/.ssh/authorized_keys and /root/.ssh/authorized_keys. This is a mostly cosmetic option, since Packer will delete the temporary private key from the host system regardless of whether this is set to true (unless the user has set the -debug flag). Defaults to "false"; currently only works on guests with sed installed.

  • ssh_key_exchange_algorithms ([]string) - If set, Packer will override the value of key exchange (kex) altorighms supported by default by golang. Acceptable values include: "curve25519-sha256@libssh.org", "ecdh-sha2-nistp256", "ecdh-sha2-nistp384", "ecdh-sha2-nistp521", "diffie-hellman-group14-sha1", and "diffie-hellman-group1-sha1".

  • ssh_certificate_file (string) - Path to user certificate used to authenticate with SSH. The ~ can be used in path and will be expanded to the home directory of current user.

  • ssh_pty (bool) - If true, a PTY will be requested for the SSH connection. This defaults to false.

  • ssh_timeout (duration string | ex: "1h5m2s") - The time to wait for SSH to become available. Packer uses this to determine when the machine has booted so this is usually quite long. Example value: 10m.

  • ssh_disable_agent_forwarding (bool) - If true, SSH agent forwarding will be disabled. Defaults to false.

  • ssh_handshake_attempts (int) - The number of handshakes to attempt with SSH once it can connect. This defaults to 10.

  • ssh_bastion_host (string) - A bastion host to use for the actual SSH connection.

  • ssh_bastion_port (int) - The port of the bastion host. Defaults to 22.

  • ssh_bastion_agent_auth (bool) - If true, the local SSH agent will be used to authenticate with the bastion host. Defaults to false.

  • ssh_bastion_username (string) - The username to connect to the bastion host.

  • ssh_bastion_password (string) - The password to use to authenticate with the bastion host.

  • ssh_bastion_interactive (bool) - If true, the keyboard-interactive used to authenticate with bastion host.

  • ssh_bastion_private_key_file (string) - Path to a PEM encoded private key file to use to authenticate with the bastion host. The ~ can be used in path and will be expanded to the home directory of current user.

  • ssh_bastion_certificate_file (string) - Path to user certificate used to authenticate with bastion host. The ~ can be used in path and will be expanded to the home directory of current user.

  • ssh_file_transfer_method (string) - scp or sftp - How to transfer files, Secure copy (default) or SSH File Transfer Protocol.

  • ssh_proxy_host (string) - A SOCKS proxy host to use for SSH connection

  • ssh_proxy_port (int) - A port of the SOCKS proxy. Defaults to 1080.

  • ssh_proxy_username (string) - The optional username to authenticate with the proxy server.

  • ssh_proxy_password (string) - The optional password to use to authenticate with the proxy server.

  • ssh_keep_alive_interval (duration string | ex: "1h5m2s") - How often to send "keep alive" messages to the server. Set to a negative value (-1s) to disable. Example value: 10s. Defaults to 5s.

  • ssh_read_write_timeout (duration string | ex: "1h5m2s") - The amount of time to wait for a remote command to end. This might be useful if, for example, packer hangs on a connection after a reboot. Example: 5m. Disabled by default.

  • ssh_remote_tunnels ([]string) -

  • ssh_local_tunnels ([]string) -

  • temporary_key_pair_name (string) - The name of the temporary key pair to generate. By default, Packer generates a name that looks like packer_<UUID>, where <UUID> is a 36 character unique identifier.
  • ssh_private_key_file (string) - Path to a PEM encoded private key file to use to authenticate with SSH. The ~ can be used in path and will be expanded to the home directory of current user.
  • ssh_agent_auth (bool) - If true, the local SSH agent will be used to authenticate connections to the source instance. No temporary keypair will be created, and the values of ssh_password and ssh_private_key_file will be ignored. The environment variable SSH_AUTH_SOCK must be set for this option to work properly.

»Basic Example

Here is a basic example for Tencentcloud.

{
  "variables": {
    "secret_id": "{{env `TENCENTCLOUD_ACCESS_KEY`}}",
    "secret_key": "{{env `TENCENTCLOUD_SECRET_KEY`}}"
  },
  "builders": [
    {
      "type": "tencentcloud-cvm",
      "secret_id": "{{user `secret_id`}}",
      "secret_key": "{{user `secret_key`}}",
      "region": "ap-guangzhou",
      "zone": "ap-guangzhou-4",
      "instance_type": "S4.SMALL1",
      "source_image_id": "img-oikl1tzv",
      "ssh_username": "root",
      "image_name": "PackerTest",
      "disk_type": "CLOUD_PREMIUM",
      "packer_debug": true,
      "associate_public_ip_address": true,
      "run_tags": {
        "good": "luck"
      }
    }
  ],
  "provisioners": [
    {
      "type": "shell",
      "inline": ["sleep 30", "yum install redis.x86_64 -y"]
    }
  ]
}

See the examples/tencentcloud folder in the packer project for more examples.