»DigitalOcean Builder

Type: digitalocean

The digitalocean Packer builder is able to create new images for use with DigitalOcean. The builder takes a source image, runs any provisioning necessary on the image after launching it, then snapshots it into a reusable image. This reusable image can then be used as the foundation of new servers that are launched within DigitalOcean.

The builder does not manage images. Once it creates an image, it is up to you to use it or delete it.

»Configuration Reference

There are many configuration options available for the builder. They are segmented below into two categories: required and optional parameters. Within each category, the available configuration keys are alphabetized.

»Communicator Config

In addition to the builder options, a communicator can be configured for this builder.

  • communicator (string) - Packer currently supports three kinds of communicators:

    • none - No communicator will be used. If this is set, most provisioners also can't be used.

    • ssh - An SSH connection will be established to the machine. This is usually the default.

    • winrm - A WinRM connection will be established.

    In addition to the above, some builders have custom communicators they can use. For example, the Docker builder has a "docker" communicator that uses docker exec and docker cp to execute scripts and copy files.

  • pause_before_connecting (duration string | ex: "1h5m2s") - We recommend that you enable SSH or WinRM as the very last step in your guest's bootstrap script, but sometimes you may have a race condition where you need Packer to wait before attempting to connect to your guest.

    If you end up in this situation, you can use the template option pause_before_connecting. By default, there is no pause. For example if you set pause_before_connecting to 10m Packer will check whether it can connect, as normal. But once a connection attempt is successful, it will disconnect and then wait 10 minutes before connecting to the guest and beginning provisioning.

  • ssh_host (string) - The address to SSH to. This usually is automatically configured by the builder.

  • ssh_port (int) - The port to connect to SSH. This defaults to 22.

  • ssh_username (string) - The username to connect to SSH with. Required if using SSH.

  • ssh_password (string) - A plaintext password to use to authenticate with SSH.

  • ssh_ciphers ([]string) - This overrides the value of ciphers supported by default by golang. The default value is [ "aes128-gcm@openssh.com", "chacha20-poly1305@openssh.com", "aes128-ctr", "aes192-ctr", "aes256-ctr", ]

    Valid options for ciphers include: "aes128-ctr", "aes192-ctr", "aes256-ctr", "aes128-gcm@openssh.com", "chacha20-poly1305@openssh.com", "arcfour256", "arcfour128", "arcfour", "aes128-cbc", "3des-cbc",

  • ssh_clear_authorized_keys (bool) - If true, Packer will attempt to remove its temporary key from ~/.ssh/authorized_keys and /root/.ssh/authorized_keys. This is a mostly cosmetic option, since Packer will delete the temporary private key from the host system regardless of whether this is set to true (unless the user has set the -debug flag). Defaults to "false"; currently only works on guests with sed installed.

  • ssh_key_exchange_algorithms ([]string) - If set, Packer will override the value of key exchange (kex) altorighms supported by default by golang. Acceptable values include: "curve25519-sha256@libssh.org", "ecdh-sha2-nistp256", "ecdh-sha2-nistp384", "ecdh-sha2-nistp521", "diffie-hellman-group14-sha1", and "diffie-hellman-group1-sha1".

  • ssh_certificate_file (string) - Path to user certificate used to authenticate with SSH. The ~ can be used in path and will be expanded to the home directory of current user.

  • ssh_pty (bool) - If true, a PTY will be requested for the SSH connection. This defaults to false.

  • ssh_timeout (duration string | ex: "1h5m2s") - The time to wait for SSH to become available. Packer uses this to determine when the machine has booted so this is usually quite long. Example value: 10m.

  • ssh_disable_agent_forwarding (bool) - If true, SSH agent forwarding will be disabled. Defaults to false.

  • ssh_handshake_attempts (int) - The number of handshakes to attempt with SSH once it can connect. This defaults to 10.

  • ssh_bastion_host (string) - A bastion host to use for the actual SSH connection.

  • ssh_bastion_port (int) - The port of the bastion host. Defaults to 22.

  • ssh_bastion_agent_auth (bool) - If true, the local SSH agent will be used to authenticate with the bastion host. Defaults to false.

  • ssh_bastion_username (string) - The username to connect to the bastion host.

  • ssh_bastion_password (string) - The password to use to authenticate with the bastion host.

  • ssh_bastion_interactive (bool) - If true, the keyboard-interactive used to authenticate with bastion host.

  • ssh_bastion_private_key_file (string) - Path to a PEM encoded private key file to use to authenticate with the bastion host. The ~ can be used in path and will be expanded to the home directory of current user.

  • ssh_bastion_certificate_file (string) - Path to user certificate used to authenticate with bastion host. The ~ can be used in path and will be expanded to the home directory of current user.

  • ssh_file_transfer_method (string) - scp or sftp - How to transfer files, Secure copy (default) or SSH File Transfer Protocol.

  • ssh_proxy_host (string) - A SOCKS proxy host to use for SSH connection

  • ssh_proxy_port (int) - A port of the SOCKS proxy. Defaults to 1080.

  • ssh_proxy_username (string) - The optional username to authenticate with the proxy server.

  • ssh_proxy_password (string) - The optional password to use to authenticate with the proxy server.

  • ssh_keep_alive_interval (duration string | ex: "1h5m2s") - How often to send "keep alive" messages to the server. Set to a negative value (-1s) to disable. Example value: 10s. Defaults to 5s.

  • ssh_read_write_timeout (duration string | ex: "1h5m2s") - The amount of time to wait for a remote command to end. This might be useful if, for example, packer hangs on a connection after a reboot. Example: 5m. Disabled by default.

  • ssh_remote_tunnels ([]string) -

  • ssh_local_tunnels ([]string) -

  • ssh_private_key_file (string) - Path to a PEM encoded private key file to use to authenticate with SSH. The ~ can be used in path and will be expanded to the home directory of current user.

»Required:

  • api_token (string) - The client TOKEN to use to access your account. It can also be specified via environment variable DIGITALOCEAN_API_TOKEN, if set.

  • image (string) - The name (or slug) of the base image to use. This is the image that will be used to launch a new droplet and provision it. See here for details on how to get a list of the accepted image names/slugs.

  • region (string) - The name (or slug) of the region to launch the droplet in. Consequently, this is the region where the snapshot will be available. See here for the accepted region names/slugs.

  • size (string) - The name (or slug) of the droplet size to use. See here for the accepted size names/slugs.

»Optional:

  • api_url (string) - Non standard api endpoint URL. Set this if you are using a DigitalOcean API compatible service. It can also be specified via environment variable DIGITALOCEAN_API_URL.

  • droplet_name (string) - The name assigned to the droplet. DigitalOcean sets the hostname of the machine to this value.

  • private_networking (boolean) - Set to true to enable private networking for the droplet being created. This defaults to false, or not enabled.

  • monitoring (boolean) - Set to true to enable monitoring for the droplet being created. This defaults to false, or not enabled.

  • ipv6 (boolean) - Set to true to enable ipv6 for the droplet being created. This defaults to false, or not enabled.

  • snapshot_name (string) - The name of the resulting snapshot that will appear in your account. Defaults to packer-{{timestamp}} (see configuration templates for more info).

  • snapshot_regions (array of strings) - The regions of the resulting snapshot that will appear in your account.

  • state_timeout (string) - The time to wait, as a duration string, for a droplet to enter a desired state (such as "active") before timing out. The default state timeout is "6m".

  • snapshot_timeout (string) - The time to wait, as a duration string, for a snapshot action to complete (e.g snapshot creation) before timing out. The default snapshot timeout is "60m".

  • user_data (string) - User data to launch with the Droplet. Packer will not automatically wait for a user script to finish before shutting down the instance this must be handled in a provisioner.

  • user_data_file (string) - Path to a file that will be used for the user data when launching the Droplet.

  • tags (list) - Tags to apply to the droplet when it is created

»Basic Example

Here is a basic example. It is completely valid as soon as you enter your own access tokens:

{
  "type": "digitalocean",
  "api_token": "YOUR API KEY",
  "image": "ubuntu-16-04-x64",
  "region": "nyc3",
  "size": "512mb",
  "ssh_username": "root"
}